The San Francisco Conservatory of Flowers

The San Francisco Conservatory of Flowers is a survivor from another era, when ladies and gentlemen took tea in the conservatory (hopefully without Colonel Mustard) and admired exotic plant specimens collected from around the world.

conservatory of flowers, san francisco, golden gate park

In spite of a history of disasters, the Hall of Flowers is still with us and graces Golden Gate Park with its wedding-cake facade.

san francisco conservatory of flowers, dome

Inside this Victorian confection is a lush world of orchids, primeval ferns and carnivorous plants.

And to top it off, the Conservatory of Flowers usually has some cool special exhibits, some of which involve miniature train sets with original themes.

Hours and Fees

Tuesday - Sunday: 10:00 to 6:00
Closed Monday
Adults $8.00 ($6 for SF residents with ID)
Youth 12-17, Seniors 65+, College Students $6.00 ($3 for SF residents)
Kids 5-11 $2.00
4 and under Free

Free entry the first Tuesday of each month.

History of the Conservatory

The San Francisco Conservatory of Flowers is the oldest wood and glass conservatory in North America. It was built in 1878-79, at a time when the Victorians were wild about exploring exotic lands and discovering strange new plants.

conservatory of flowers, san francisco, 1897
Conservatory of Flowers, 1897

Every grand house had its conservatory to display its plant collection, and the passion for orchids became extreme. Orchid hunting occasionally took on ruthless aspect in the competition for the rarest specimens. So naturally, the Conservatory provides visitors with a great orchid experience.

white orchid, san francisco conservatory of flowers

The central area and dome were destroyed by fire in 1883 when the boiler exploded. More fires related to the boiler plagued the building, and it was closed from 1933 to 1946 because of structural problems.

The ferocious windstorm of 1997 caused extensive damage to the fragile wood and glass Conservatory. Broken glass and structural damage sidelined this popular San Francisco attraction until it reopened in 2003. Fortunately, no problems since then!

Conservatory of Flowers: the Galleries

Entry into this green world takes you through a series of rooms that recreate different ecosystems representing a variety of jungly environments: lowland tropics, highland tropics, aquatic plants and a potted plants gallery.

Lowland Topics Gallery

As soon as you come into this gallery, you know you're in a steamy, tropical jungle. You may have to take off your jacket. Water drips off the lush green ferns and in the back is the towering, 150-year-old philodendron.

Plants older than the dinosaurs, like the Cycad fern below, with its huge, hanging pods, recreate the primeval environment of 170 million years ago.

primitive gymnosperm, san francisco conservatory of flowers
Primitive Cycad

This gallery also contains a number of food-related plants; you can get a chance to see what coffee, cacao, cinnamon, cardamom, allspice and banana plants look like.

Highland Tropics Gallery

The highland gallery is refreshingly cool after the hot lowland milieu. This area houses a collection of plants that live on the misty mountaintops of tropical regions around the world.

A large variety of beautiful orchids cling to the tree trunks, or are presented in special cases. Orchids do particularly well in these cool, damp regions, and the Conservatory has a large collection of them.

purple orchid, san francisco conservatory of flowers

The San Francisco Conservatory of Flowers has one of only four tropical highland displays in the U.S.

Aquatic Plants Gallery

This is a delightful gallery with its spreading lily ponds and hibiscus flowers; watch for the clusters of carnivorous pitcher plants, patiently waiting for a bug to slip and fall in.

carnivorous pitcher plants, san francisco conservatory of flowers
Pitcher Plants

The Victoria amazonium makes its home here: its gigantic lily pads can be six feet across and support the weight of a child.

lily pond, san francisco conservatory of flowers
Lily Pond

Sometimes you come across the unexpected amidst the rocks and tree fronds!

stone gremlin, san francisco conservatory of flowers

Potted Plants Gallery

The Victorians were big on potted plants; the gallery here presents seasonal displays in its collection of pots from Burkina Faso, Indonesia, India and other parts of the world.

Winter poinsettias, Chinese New Year kumquat and orange trees, and summer begonias are set out in season.

The wood-framed arbor, Asian-inspired, with climbing orchids, is also in this gallery.

wood arbor with orchid, san francisco conservatoryof flowers

Vanilla comes from an orchid (who knew?), Vanilla planifolia, that grows in the hot, lowland jungles of Central America and the West Indies, and is raised commercially in Mexico and Madagascar. The conservatory has a vanilla orchid in the Potted Plants Gallery, near the entrance to the special exhibit.

The vanilla flower lasts only one day and can pollinate itself, though it happens so rarely in the wild that cultivated vanilla plants are pollinated by hand.

drawing of vanilla plant
Vanilla Plant

Special Exhibits

Usually twice a year, the San Francisco Conservatory of Flowers puts on a special exhibit in the room at the far left of the building.

They're quite creative; one year they had dinosaur models lurking in vegetation consistent with their geological periods, with a T-Rex poking his head out of the top of the building.

One of the exhibits every year generally involves an elaborate model train set-up, a big hit with the kids, and fun for older train-fans, too. Surrounded by lots of plants, of course.

sf trolley, san francisco conservatory of flowers

You can check their website for the scheduled exhibits: SF Conservatory of Flowers.

How to Get to the Conservatory of Flowers

The Conservatory of Flowers is in the eastern end of Golden Gate Park, on JFK Drive, just down the road from the de Young Museum (about a 15 minute walk).

Public Transportation

The 5-Fulton bus will bring you reasonably close. Get off as close to Arguello at Fulton as you can; Arguello runs right into the park and past the Conservatory. Or take the N-Judah street car and get off at 9th and Irving (a longer walk). You can catch either one on Market Street downtown (Muni is underground there).


Except on busy weekends and holidays (and Sundays, when JFK Drive is closed to cars in that area), you should be able to find parking along JFK Drive, not too far from the Conservatory.

If parking looks dismal, you can look for a space further west on JFK Drive near Stow Lake, about a 30 minute walk.

practical tipParking Tip: On weekends and legal holidays, there is a free shuttle bus which runs along JFK Drive, all the way out to the ocean. You can park free at the lot on Ocean Beach, or anywhere along the bus route. The shuttle runs from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. and stops at the Conservatory. See Shuttle Route Map

I wouldn't try the street parking outside the park on busy days unless you have a parking angel.

Maps of SF Conservatory of Flowers

And nearby attractions in Golden Gate Park

japanese tea garden map, golden gate park
Map data (c) OpenStreetMap and contributors, CC-BY-SA

botanical gardens san francisco

More flowers? The SF Botanical Gardens (Arboretum) are close by, with 55 acres of beautiful plantings.

Nearby attractions...

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Conservatory of Flowers