A local's guide to getting around San Francisco: tips on using San Francisco's public transportation system without excess stress!
The huge variety of ticket options, transit passes and modes of transportation can be very overwhelming. I've tried to create some order out of it and present the pros and cons of each.
See below for the nitty-gritty on using each of the systems and passes:
Note: due to the Coronavirus shutdown, the cable cars and the streetcars (trolleys) of Muni Metro are not running. Buses are substituting.
Face masks are required on all the buses, trains and ferries.
However, the bus routes and schedules have been drastically cut back. See COVID Muni schedules for details on the routes.
BART is running on a reduced schedule; see BART schedules.
Golden Gate Transit between SF and Marin has also cut back; see schedules.
The PresidiGo shuttle is running, see schedule.
The Blue and Gold Ferries, the Red and White Ferries, and the Hop On Hop Off buses are running again, though on more limited schedules.
The good news. San Francisco is one of the better cities in the U.S. for getting around without a car.
Not so good: the San Francisco public transportation system can seem very confusing and complicated. But there are ways to make it easier and to save money while doing so. Read on!
A big benefit of using public transportation is not having to drive in San Francisco traffic, and best of all, not having to hunt for parking (especially with the current epidemic of car break-ins...ugh!).
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Here are my recommendations for most people visiting the city:
If you are here for just a few days or a couple of weeks, the most practical and economical way of getting around San Francisco would be getting one of the 1, 3 or 7 day passes that allow unlimited travel on all the buses, streetcars and cable cars (but not BART) in the city.
You can purchase the SF Visitor Passports that give you unlimited travel for 1, 3 or 7 days.
Another option, especially for first-time visitors, is getting a 1 or 2-day pass on one of the Hop On Hop Off bus tours that combine a city tour with transportation over a large part of the city.
Note: some SF bus fares increased as of July 1, 2019. I've updated them here.
The San Francisco public transportation system includes:
You can buy individual tickets or get transit passes for unlimited travel over different time periods.
San Francisco Muni operates both a bus system and a network of streetcars (or trolleys) that run on rails.
Locals generally refer to the buses as Muni and the streetcars as Muni Metro.
The F-Line. In addition to the regular street cars that travel all over the city, San Francisco has a rail line with antique street cars from other cities that runs from the Castro District to the Ferry Building and down the Embarcadero to Fisherman's Wharf.
These cars are fun to ride; check out a vintage street car from Milan or Chicago! See F-line for route, schedule and live map info.
Together, the two systems cover most of San Francisco. The fares are the same and the passes work the same way on both systems.
How much to ride the SF Muni buses and trolleys:
How to pay for buses and streetcars:
They accept payment in a variety of forms:
None of the passes can be purchased on the bus or streetcar. See passes below for info on how to purchase them.
Golden Gate Transit is a public transportation company that mainly provides bus and ferry services for the North Bay (Marin County and Sonoma County, north of the Golden Gate). But within the city, their buses run from downtown SF to the Golden Gate Bridge. It's also a good way to get to Sausalito from SF.
For more info on getting from San Francisco, across the bridge, and down into Sausalito by bus, see buses to Marin.
How to pay the fare (distance based). They accept cash, and don't require exact change like SF Muni buses, but you get a change card only good on their transit system. They accept Clipper Cards, but not the SF Visitor Pass or MuniMobile.
They also run the Golden Gate Ferry system, which takes people from the SF Ferry Building to Sausalito, Larkspur and Tiburon. Purchase tickets at the terminal. The ferries accept the Clipper Card. See Golden Gate Ferry for more info.
Golden Gate Transit's bus route #30 (San Rafael-San Francisco) runs from the Transbay Terminal downtown, with multiple stops along Market Street and Van Ness Ave. The bus stops at the toll plaza at the Golden Gate Bridge before crossing the bridge and stopping in Sausalito, before its endpoint in San Rafael. See bus route #30 for more info.
For more info on routes and schedules, see Golden Gate Transit.
The San Francisco cable cars run on three routes:
Adult & Youth: $8.00
Senior/Disabled: $8.00 7 am - 9 pm; $4.00 9 pm - 7 am.
Payment accepted: cash, paper tickets, SF Visitor Passport, Clipper Card, MuniMobile.
Note: the official website says exact change is required, but in practice they make change for bills $20 or smaller.
One of the first things visitors to SF notice is the very long lines for the cable cars! Here are a few ways to avoid them:
You need to purchase a ticket before getting on at the cable car turnarounds at Powell & Market, Hyde & Beach, and Bay & Taylor.
Otherwise, you can buy a ticket once you're on.
Using passes on the cable cars. Get on, find a spot, then hand the pass (paper or plastic), or show MuniMobile on your phone, to the ticket-taker for them to scan.
Good to know: the cable car line that stops at the top of the crooked block of Lombard Street is the Powell/Hyde line.
The two Powell lines leave from the same spot on Market Street, and use the same line. If you're in line to get on, and it's the Powell/Mason car, but you prefer the Powell/Hyde Line (written on the cars), you can let other people go ahead of you to take the other car.
From Lombard St., it's only three blocks to the end of the line in Fisherman's Wharf. Easy to walk to the wharf from there, but if you get back on the cable car, you get a fun ride down a really steep part of Hyde Street. Good photo op on that stretch, too: nice views of Alcatraz and the Wharf.
Note: if you want to get back on the cable car, you have to pay the fare again, unless you have a pass with unlimited rides. See transit passes below for how to get them.
For more tips, see my detailed guide to riding the cable cars.
BART, or Bay Area Rapid Transit, is a train system that runs through San Francisco and out to other cities in the East Bay and down the Peninsula.
In San Francisco. The Bart trains run underground, under Market Street, like a subway, then emerge above ground in the outer areas of SF.
East Bay. After leaving the last SF stop downtown (Embarcadero), the trains run under San Francisco Bay, through Oakland, then north through Berkeley to Richmond and Antioch and south through San Leandro to Fremont and Pleasanton.
The Peninsula. South of San Francisco, the trains stop at several towns along the peninsula, going all the way to the SF Airport and Millbrae.
Both the SF and Oakland airports are connected to BART.
See BART map and list of stations at BART info.
Insider tip: avoid the BART (and Muni) station at Powell and Market if you can. (Civic Center BART isn't great, either.) It's earned a well-deserved reputation for grossness! You'll see things you would never want to see. Sorry!
Calculation of BART fares. BART fares depend on the distance traveled. Tickets can be purchased at the BART stations via ticket machines which take cash and credit cards.
Tickets must be purchased prior to getting on the train, and you need a ticket to open the entry gate.
BART has an app on their website to calculate the fare. See fare calculator.
Using the paper tickets. To get on BART, you put your ticket in the slot to open the turnstile. When you get off, you do the same, and the amount in automatically deducted from the value of your ticket.
What if you underpay? You'll see the "Underpaid: Go to Add Fare" sign pop up. Then you go to the Add Fare machine nearby to add more money, cash only (they tell you how much).
Clipper Cards. You can use your Clipper Card for BART tickets throughout the whole BART network. The fare is calculated automatically when you exit.
If you are using a Clipper Card, tap your card on the Clipper Card logo at the turnstile. It kind of looks like you should insert it in the ticket slot, but don't. You wouldn't be the only one trying to do that ;-)
Tap it both entering and exiting, so it can deduct the correct fare.
BART/Muni Adult "A" Fast Pass is a monthly pass for unlimited rides on BART within San Francisco (Embarcadero to Balboa Park stations) and on all SF Muni buses, trolleys and cable cars. For use on Clipper Cards only. $94.
BART discount tickets. BART sells Blue Tickets (6.25% off, everyone), Green Tickets (62.5% off, seniors 65+), and Red Tickets (62.5% off, disabled and Medicare cardholders). Also only for use on Clipper Cards, must be added online.
Does San Francisco have a subway system? Sort of.
Two underground train lines run underneath Market Street downtown, from the end of Market Street near the Ferry Building, out to the neighborhoods further west or south.
The Muni Metro streetcar lines are on the first level under Market Street, and the BART train tracks run on the lower level below the Muni trains.
Both lines then emerge (at different points) and run like streetcars and trains above ground for the rest of their routes. Most of the routes are above ground for both transit systems.
The two rail systems share the same stops from the Embarcadero Station to the Civic Center Station, but the BART stations are on the deeper level.
Muni Metro is a subway while it is downtown and a streetcar line further out.
Muni Metro ends (or starts) at the Embarcadero station, while BART continues under the bay in the Transbay Tube to Oakland and beyond.
BART is also a subway under Market Street until Civic Center Station, then it goes on to four more underground SF stops. Going south, it's a train from Daly City (at the SF border) to the SF airport. Heading east out of San Francisco, BART stays underground for a few Oakland and Berkeley stops after it crosses under the bay, then travels above ground for the rest of the East Bay stations.
It's not really a subway compared to the extensive, city-wide, underground-transportation networks that other cities have. It just gives us a little taste of a subway vibe, while most of our city rail travel is above ground.
The PresidiGo Shuttle is a free transportation service provided by the Presidio Trust, a federal agency associated with the National Park System.
They have three shuttle routes:
The Downtown shuttle runs from downtown SF out to the Presidio where it connects with the two other Presidio shuttle routes.
You can catch the Downtown shuttle at Drumm and California Streets near the Embarcadero BART and Muni stop, and take it to the Golden Gate Bridge via the Crissy Field shuttle.
The buses run daily, from morning to evening (times vary with route and day of the week), every 30 minutes.
For more info, see PresidiGo schedules with live bus maps for the three routes.
Tip: the Crissy Field shuttle route will take you not only to the Golden Gate Bridge, but also to the trailhead of one of the prettiest hikes in San Francisco: the Batteries to Bluffs Trail (stop is "Golden Gate Overlook").
For details, see my page on the trail and the secluded beach it leads to, at Marshall's Beach.
And the Presidio Hills route will take you to Baker Beach, one of San Francisco's best beaches. See Baker Beach for why it's such a cool beach to visit.
There are over 40 stops inside the Presidio, formerly an army base, now a part of the National Park system with lots of things to do and see. See Presidio for more info.
It can be confusing because there are four ferry services connecting San Francisco to other locations.
The public ferries take Clipper Cards; the private ones don't.
Two ferry services are considered public transit and two are private services.
The SF Bay Ferry is considered public transportation even though a private company, the Blue and Gold Fleet, has the contract to run the ferries. It is primarily a commuter service for people who work in San Francisco.
Oracle Park Ball Games. When the SF Giants are playing home games at Oracle Park (formerly AT&T Park), the SF Bay Ferry operates special ferry services to the ballpark.
Do you need a reservation for the ferry? No, they don't sell reserved places on the ferries; it's first-come, first-served. And the ferries are large, so they don't fill up.
Exceptions: you do need a reservation to take the Alcatraz ferry. Alcatraz tours sell out so booking in advance is very important, especially during the summer season on holiday weekends.
Also, if you're returning to SF with a bicycle on the Sausalito Ferry during the busy season, it's best to get in line early; they are limited to the number of bikes they will take on each trip. See taking the Sausalito ferry for more info.
The various SF transit passes don't include the ferries.
The Red and White Ferry. This is another ferry company that you'll see at Fisherman's Wharf and out on the bay. This ferry does bay tours, including their very popular, one-hour bay cruise, leaving from Pier 43 1/2, but they don't provide transportation to other locations.
There are a variety of transit passes available for getting around San Francisco without needing cash in exact change on the buses, trolleys and cable cars.
And the passes can be purchased in a variety of formats:
These are the San Francisco transit passes available:
Note: the San Francisco CityPass provides access to 3 or 4 San Francisco attractions, and used to include a 3-day transit pass for all SF buses, trolleys and cable cars.
This pass stopped including the 3-day SF Visitor Passport as of March 1, 2020. However, you can still purchase the two passes separately.
SF Visitor Passports. 1, 3, & 7-day passes. Unlimited rides on buses, trolleys & cable cars. Consecutive days.
Note: the prices above are for passports loaded on MuniMobile or a Clipper Card. The prices are higher for paper passes.
How to buy the SF Visitor Passports.
Clipper Cards purchased online are mailed, so if you want to get a Clipper Card for this pass and use it right away, you can buy the card for $3 at a number of locations (including most ticket booths) in the city, then set up the account and put the pass on it.
If you already have the card, you can load the pass online or at a ticket booth. But if you need the pass right away, load the pass a ticket booth. More on Clipper Cards.
MuniMobile. If you have a smart phone, it may be easier to set up a MuniMobile account on your phone and put the pass on it. You can do it all online without hunting for the purchase locations. Then you use your phone to pay the fare on the buses and cable cars.
Download the app for either ios or android; or set up the account at their website here. The app has gotten mixed reviews; works well for some but not for others, apparently. I found it easy to use and very convenient. See MuniMobile for more info.
Cool things about MuniMobile: you save $0.50 on each bus or trolley ride, don't need to carry cash, don't have to add money to the card in advance (it uses your credit card), and you can buy tickets for the whole family on one phone. You can use MuniMobile for individual tickets, or load your passes onto it.
Differences. Clipper Card vs. MuniMobile:
Tip: the SF Visitor Passports are cheaper if you have them on MuniMobile or a Clipper Card (as opposed to the paper version): $13 vs $24 for 1 day, $31 vs $36 for 3 days, and $41 vs $47 for 7 days.
(This pass no longer includes a transportation pass, but it is still a good deal if you plan on doing the attractions listed.)
San Francisco CityPass. Adults $76, Kids (5-11) $56. Includes:
How the CityPass works. When you purchase an SF CityPass, you'll receive a voucher online which you will need to exchange for a CityPass booklet when you arrive (see voucher for exchange locations; they're in the Union Square and Fisherman's Wharf areas).
The CityPass booklet has the attraction admission tickets; some of them allow you to skip the line as well.
Save money. If you are interested in seeing those attractions, then it's a really good deal.
Purchased separately, all those attractions come to $138 (or $97 for kids), vs. $76 ($56 kids) for the CityPass. See SF CityPass for more info and booking.
San Francisco sells monthly Muni passes, good for locals or longer-term visitors.
Note: these passes can only be used with a Clipper Card (see below for card info).
Types of monthly Muni passes.
How to purchase the passes. First, get a Clipper Card (see below) then add the monthly pass online to your Clipper account, or go to a ticket machine in any Muni Metro station (where you can buy an adult Clipper Card and put the passes on it), or to a retail location that handles Clipper Cards (see list of locations).
You can add one month at a time, or set up autoload for upcoming months.
For the current month, the pass has to be purchased between the 1st and 16th of the month. After that, the pass will be for the following month.
The $5 Day Pass is the newest addition to the Muni pass collection, giving you 1-day, unlimited Muni travel for $5.
You can ride all the Muni buses and trolleys until 11:59 pm, but not the cable cars. To add cable cars, you would need to get the 1-day, SF Visitor Passport (see above) for $13.
But it's only available through the MuniMobile app. Once your MuniMobile account is set up, you can purchase the pass on it.
Clipper Cards were introduced to San Francisco a few years back to make it easier to travel on the buses without a pocketful of coins and dollar bills.
It looks like a plastic credit card, with the Clipper logo on it.
There is a small discount (50 cents per bus ride) for using the cards, but the main advantage is not having to carry exact change (required on SF buses and street cars).
Who can get a Clipper Card? Anyone, including visitors to San Francisco. You put money on the card and use it up by traveling on the buses, trolleys, cable cars, BART, CalTrain and some ferries.
The cards don't expire, so you can use it for more than one trip (but it can be a hassle to get the money refunded once it's on the card). You can put as much or as little as you want on the card.
Advantages: convenience, don't need to worry about exact change. Discount, but a very slight one.
How to get a Clipper Card. You can buy adult Clipper Cards from the Muni and Golden Gate Ferry ticket offices and machines, BART stations, and at various locations in San Francisco, or you can order one online (clippercard.com). The cards are mailed to you if you order them online, so take the mailing time into account.
Where can you use the Clipper Card? All the SF muni buses and streetcars, BART, plus the cable cars, and a number of Bay Area transit systems, including Caltrain and the Golden Gate Transit buses and ferries. See list of all transit systems accepting the Clipper Card.
Note: the Clipper Card is not accepted by the Blue and Gold Ferry, which goes to Sausalito and many of the same locations as the other ferries. Blue and Gold is a private company and not part of the public transportation system. But you can use Clipper on the Golden Gate Ferry to Sausalito.
Loading money or other value onto the card. You can load money through your online account, over the phone (877 878-8883), via ticket machines, or at a number of locations around the Bay Area (see Clipper Card locations for the list and map).
Loading bus passes. The Clipper Cards can also be loaded with most of the Muni bus passes available for purchase in San Francisco. The passes can be loaded online or at any of the locations in the link above.
Note: You can load cash on the card at BART stations, but not the passes.
At downtown Muni and BART stations (underground). At the ticket turn style, you will see a Clipper logo to the right of the entrance gate. Just hold or tap the Clipper card on the logo and the gate will open and your payment will be registered.
You will need to tap it again when leaving the BART station (but not the Muni station) so the correct fee can be deducted.
On the bus or street car. Each entrance will have a Clipper card payment device; get on and just as you enter, you'll see the Clipper logo on the device. Tap your card on there and it will light up green.
You can get on using either the front or rear entrances with a Clipper Card. You don't have to "check out" with the card when you get off.
Tapping on the Clipper card device will also load the money you've added to the card since your last ride.
If the money on the card isn't sufficient, or it didn't register properly, it will beep and show a red light. If you have the proper amount of money on it, try holding it on there longer until the green light appears.
On a cable car. After you get on and find a place, just hand the card to the ticket taker and they will scan it.
Youth (5+), seniors (65+), and disabled persons can get Clipper Cards that will charge them the discounted rate on public transit. Upper age limit for youth varies with different transit systems.
You can order these online or by mail and supply the required documentation. See Clipper discounts for how to do it.
There are a few limited locations where you can get the discounted cards in person (with the required documents). See list of in-person locations. Otherwise, you have to wait until they are mailed to you.
There are also quite a few options for getting around San Francisco with services provided by private companies.
The two ride-sharing companies in San Francisco are Lyft and Uber. The pricing and services are pretty similar between the two. Download their apps to check prices and find cars.
San Francisco has two tour companies that do the Hop On Hop Off, double-decker bus tours.
With a 1 or 2-day pass, you can get around to most of the major tour attractions and activities in the city, along with a guided tour of city.
For a first visit, this can be a handy way of getting an overview of San Francisco along with transportation all around the city.
The 2-day pass and the 1-day plus pass on the City-Sightseeing Hop On Hop Off Buses include a city tour covering most of the popular tourist attractions, plus a tour across the Golden Gate Bridge to the cute seaside town of Sausalito, and a night tour of the city (with a great view from Treasure Island).
They throw in some more fun stuff, too, like a guided walking tour, a ride on the 7D Experience at Pier 39 and an hour bike rental.
See Hop On Hop Off tours for more info and booking. Usually $5 off if booked online.
The little yellow Go Cars that you see zipping around the city come with GPS guided tours that tell you where to go and interesting things about the sights you're passing, so it's a fun way to tour the city at your own pace.
But you're not limited to staying on the tour route. You can drive anywhere in the city (except on the freeways and bridges) so it's like having your own wheels to get around. They're easy to park, too; tuck them into any small space.
Check out my page on our experience with the Go Cars. We tried out both routes and had a great time, in spite of making some mistakes! Tip: start at Fishermans' Wharf, not Union Square, and don't try out the steep hills!
For booking, see Go Car reservations.
The Blue and Gold Ferry company provides transportation around the bay in addition to its boat tours.
They run a ferry service to several locations around SF Bay, including Sausalito, Tiburon and Angel Island. The ferries leave from Pier 41 on Fisherman's Wharf.
A lot of popular activities for visitors are spread out along the Embarcadero, the waterfront area that runs from the Ferry Building to Fisherman's Wharf, including Alcatraz Landing, Pier 39, the cruise ship terminal and dockside restaurants.
See a list and map of all the San Francisco piers at SF Piers.
Two fun, and a bit unusual, ways to travel are available along this stretch, one on land and the other on the water: pedicabs and water taxis.
Pedicabs are available on the waterfront along the Embarcadero, from the Ferry Building to Fisherman's Wharf, and will take people on rides to Chinatown, North Beach, AT&T Park and Union Square.
Fares. They charge $20 per mile (for 2 people) so the trip from the Ferry Building to Pier 39 (1.3 miles) should be about $26. See sfpedicabs.com for more info.
This is a colorful way to get along the San Francisco waterfront. It makes for a mini-tour of the piers and SF skyline along the Embarcadero.
These little boats run between the Ferry Building, at Pier 1.5, to the end of Fisherman's Wharf at the Hyde Street Pier.
They operate from 10:30 am to 6 pm back and forth; it's about a half hour journey.
Fares: $10 adults, $5 kids (5-17), Under 5 free. Locals on weekdays $5.
See sanfranciscowatertaxi.org for more info.